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Bat Buying Basics | A First Timers Bat Guide

Updated October 23, 2020

By Brian Duryea | @BatDigest

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Looking to buy your first serious baseball or softball bat?

You’ve come to the right place.

(Take our what bat you should get quiz)

Over the years, we’ve bought hundreds of bats. We’ve also coached several into their first serious bat buy and recommended bats to millions more. Here is our beginner’s guide to buying your first performance softball or baseball bats.

Here is what you’ll learn

Certification Matters

Bat guide for Dummies

If you know virtually nothing about bats, you should begin your plight by understanding that different leagues require different bat certifications. Even within the same sport (Baseball, Slowpitch, Fastpitch), there are multiple certifications.

High school baseball, for example, requires BBCOR certified bats. PONY, and other popular city youth baseball organizations, requires USA bats, and many competitive youth leagues allow USSSA bats.

Fastpitch has two major certifications: ASA and USSSA. ASA is required for high school fastpitch while USSSA is used for some competitive leagues and, often, mens’ fastpitch.

Slowpitch uses several certifications—but most fall under the ASA and USSSA certification requirements.

In any event, you must understand what league you are playing to buy the right bat.

The Right Price Range

Bat Guide for Dummies

Once you’ve found your certification, undoubtedly, you’ll notice bats’ price ranges are remarkably wide. Brand new bats can be as cheap as $50 or up to $500. With very little explanation from vendors about why this price disparity will be the most infuriating thing you’ll find in the space. How could one bat be priced at nearly 10 times the amount of another if all it is to do is hit baseballs?

That is the exact right question and, in large measure, the genesis of

In short, you generally get what you pay for. But, there are enough duds the industry has hyped by vendors and manufacturers that you should be wary of sales pitches and marketing videos.

Over the years, we have tested thousands of bats by measuring exit speeds and swing weights. There are two things we know for certain.

  1. Generally speaking (and sometimes very generally), more expensive bats tend to perform better and
  2. If a bat is “worth it” depends entirely upon the player’s interest, budget, and use.

How much should you spend?

Consider (1) How many games you’ll play with the bat. Spending more than $10 per game feels exorbitant. (2) How many years will you use the bat—are you growing out of the bat soon? (3) What is your budget today? Realize too, if you start taking this sport seriously, you will spend more on bats in your life than you ever thought possible.

Generally, very elite players can make nearly any bat work well for them. Younger and new players and growing players tend to benefit from better bats than older and more experienced players.

Where to Buy a Bat

Every year there are more online places to buy bats. We have had decent success with just about any of them. Just Bats it the largest online specific retailer. Places like Baseball Express and Closeoutbats follow them. (You can see our full list of online bat vendors here). In terms of overall volume, then Dicks Sporting Goods is the behemoth in the space—but plenty of their business is brick and mortar.

Without surprise, Amazon’s bat section has a serious bat offering. Because of its multiple vendor models (many of the big vendors have an Amazon store), you can find just about everything on there.

Deals, like everywhere online, will need to be sought after and shopped for. We keep up with a few great deal articles, but they are often out of date really fast.

In terms of selection and pricing, you just won’t beat the online model. If you really want to touch and feel the bat before you pull the trigger, then you’ll need to find an outlet that carries them. Dicks Sporting Goods is a good place to start but rarely do they have all the sizes and models you need.

Barrel Material Matters

Bat Guide for Dummies

Bat barrels are made of aluminum or composite. After you’ve decided on your price and league, the barrel type comes as the next useful consideration.

Composite is a generic term that is, by some measures, a modified plastic that maintains certain characteristics. Aluminum is a metal. Not every company’s aluminum and composite material are the same. Bat manufacturers add certain things to aluminum to make an aluminum alloy, and composites can be crafted in all sorts of ways. (See our conversation on Aluminum vs. Composite bats).

Generally, composite barrels tend to

  • cost more,
  • swing lighter and
  • have bigger barrels.

Aluminum barrels tend to

  • swing heavier,
  • have longer durability and
  • sting your hands more.

But, of course, each of those broad categorizations by the material has many exceptions.

What Should You Start With Aluminum or Composite?

Bat Guide for Dummies

In terms of overall performance, most of the ‘best’ youth baseball, fastpitch, and slowpitch bats tend to be composite barrels.

User reviews and our exit speeds and ratings favor the bigger barrels, lighter swing weights, and longer sweet spots made possible by composite’s nature.

High school and college baseball bats, via the BBCOR standard, tend to favor neither aluminum nor composite performance. In the BBCOR space, smaller and younger hitters tend towards composite for their lighter swing, smoother feel, and bigger barrel. Bigger and more advanced hitters like the stiff feel and hot out of the wrapper performance of aluminum.

The other important point is that aluminum bats do not require work in period. Composite bats, depending on who you ask, often require a 200 to 1000 hit minimum until they’ve reached their maximum pop.

Two Tips

  • If you are a youth baseball player and are in the mood to take your bat buying very seriously, we’d suggest you tend towards a composite barrel.
  • If you are a bigger, stronger hitter on the older spectrum of youth ball, consider a heavier weighted aluminum barrel.

High school players should, generally, care more about feeling on contact than barrel material. See the two-piece or one-piece conversation below.

Fastpitch and Slowpitch players don’t have many serious options in the non-composite space. We think there are a few great cold-weather option bats out there in the fast-pitch space that need an aluminum barrel.

One-Piece vs. Two-Piece

Bat Guide for Dummies

Another useful consideration you need to note is a one-piece or two-piece design. Most serious fastpitch and slowpitch bats are constructed of two pieces. That is, the barrel and handle are made separately and then combined at the end of production. It is sporadic (in softball) to see a serious player using a single piece bat.

In baseball, however, the one-piece vs. two-piece bat is a serious consideration—some would argue the most important.

Baseball players, here are your options:

  • Single-piece aluminum
  • Single piece composite
  • Two-piece composite (both handle and barrel made of composite)
  • Two-piece hybrid (handle made of composite and barrel made of aluminum)

The Point of a Two-Piece Bat

Bat Guide for Dummies

Generally, a two-piece bat carries with it two benefits.

  1. Designing the handle and barrel separately give engineers a chance to focus each part for their own good. For example, the handle can be built to reduce vibrations and be durable, while a barrel can be built with a lot of flex to maximize the trampoline effect.
  2. In most serious two-piece bats, the joint is designed to absorb the barrel’s vibrations on mishits. This makes the hit feel much smoother. For this reason, almost every two-piece bat we have swung in the last 5 years feels better than single-piece bats.

The Point of a Single Piece Bat

Bat Guide for Dummies

Single piece bats have the distinct advantage of being stiff. This stiffness lends to more power transferred from the swing to the ball. This is why bigger hitters, especially those in the NCAA, use stiff single piece bats.

However, stiff bats also carry with it the reverse effect. That is, mishit balls with a lot of vibration in the barrel make it directly to the hands. Smaller hitters who see above-average pitch speed often find this hand sting unbearable. It is the number one complaint about any particular bat. Factors like cold weather, high pitch speed, and faster bat speed are positively correlated with hand sting.

In other words, single-piece bats tend to sting hands more than two-piece bats.

As well, a single piece bat requires less technology and quicker production time. As such, they often cost less.

What is Better?

It just depends on what you want. Bigger, stronger, and older hitters (and those on a budget) tend to prefer single piece aluminum bats. This is due to a single piece’s ability to transfer maximum energy to the ball. Stingy hands, for them, are a small price to pay.

On the other hand, smaller, lighter, and younger hitters tend to prefer two-piece bats. The smooth smash and big barrel increase confidence and swing speed.

When pitch and bat speed is not very high for some younger players, then hand sting is a small consideration. As such, there is a huge contingent of budding players who are perfectly happy with single-piece bats. And, of course, there are always exceptions to these generalities.

Right-Sizing: Swing vs. Printed vs. Scale Weight

Scale Weight vs Swing Weight

(If you’re looking for the right size bat, you might want to start on our bat sizing chart page.)

The most easily misunderstood concept in all of ‘batdom’ is the concept of swing weight. We feel like new bat buyers must grasp this concept.

If this is the first time buying a serious bat, you’ll incorrectly think that the printed weight on a bat is both useful and comparable. That is, a 30/20 of one brand and model feels like a 30/20 of a different brand and model. Sadly, it just isn’t the case.

(If you really want to geek out on bats, see this article explaining it in more detail.)

In short, DO NOT confuse the weight printed on the bat with either the scale or swing weight.

Here are some rough definitions of the three things.

  • Printed Weight: The claimed weight that is printed on the bat (i.e., 28 ounces)
  • Scale Weight: The actual total weight of a bat. (not always the same as the printed weight).
  • Swing Weight: The amount of force required to swing the bat—highly dependent upon the distribution of the weight within the bat.

The MOST IMPORTANT thing to know is the swing weight. It is the only number of the three above that actually matter. Sadly, no one prints all the swing weights of the bats. (Oh wait, we do: BBCOR, USSSA, USA, Fastpitch Swing Weight).

Sometimes, bat manufacturers often refer to their bats as end-loaded (harder to swing) and ‘balanced (easier to swing). The standard for what those things actually mean varies across companies, and there is no standard for them to adhere to.

Too many people get caught up in the scale weight of the bat compared to its printed weight. But the distribution of the weight within the bat is way more important as that determines how hard the bat is to swing. This swing weight is the only important thing in terms of the function of the bat.


Used or New

Bat Guide for Dummies

Your next dilemma in your search for a performance bat is the used or new debate. It turns out lots of folks are looking to resell their bats after a season or two of use. (Not surprising considering the amount of money they spent).

In many cases, especially with a new grip, an older bat makes perfect sense. We like the idea of buying used bats and do it all the time. (We wrote an entire article about the tricks of the trade).

In short, we think it well worth your time checking the used offerings on reseller sites like eBay and Sidelineswap. Some major vendors are even offering a used section these days, so look closely at checkout.

Here are 3 highlights to tricks on buying a used bat.

  • The riskiest time to buy a composite bat, we think, is if it’s “Like New.” The barely used ones might break, and the used market does not have a transferable warranty. Although not intuitive, the composite bats that have been used for several hits (maybe even a season or two) are less likely going to break since the failure of composite bats usually happens early in its life. As such, unless the deal is remarkable, we avoid ‘like new’ composite barrels.
  • Used aluminum bats have no caveat in the “like new” market—they don’t break early in the process. In terms of durability, aluminum bats rarely have any issues. Over time they do start to lose pop as microscopic dents add up. Dents are the thing you should consider in the used bat market. Most listings for used bats don’t really explain the number of dents, but any dent on an aluminum bat is a no-go for us–unless it’s really cheap and going to be used for BP.
  • Warranty issues also matter. That is, used bats don’t come with a warranty. Ensure that whatever price you pay for a used bat takes into account the fact that there is no recourse in the event it breaks or doesn’t perform.

This Year or Last Year’s Model

Bat Guide For Dummies

Many bats are much like their predecessor. Some are exactly like it. However, sometimes the smallest of changes make a world of difference. Without surprise, companies aren’t terribly forthright in saying their bat hasn’t changed much from last year. We think our reviews come in remarkably helpful in determining what you might lose out by going with last year’s bat.

Although it really just depends on what you’re looking for, our general guidance on the matter is this: when in doubt, buy last year’s model.

The Best Bats Lists

Bat Guide for Beginners

We spend a considerable amount of time on our best bat lists (For example, Youth, BBCOR, USA, USSSA, Fastpitch, Slowpitch USSSA, Slowpitch ASA).

As we state in each of those articles, the ‘best bat’ is quite an individual decision. Based on your budget, league, size, intent, and preference on bat stiffness, your best bat could be any number of options. As some proof of this, the market is flooded with all types of bats. If there were a ‘best bat,’ it would have coalesced around only a handful of models just within just a few years. But, some years into it, we are wading knee-deep through bats from several different companies.

In the end, dialing in the right bat for a beginning buyer will require plenty of reading and looking at any given field you go to. See what the best kids and most experienced kids are using. Borrow a bat from your teammate and give it a go. See our endless amount of reviews and videos.

In the end, you’ll need to pull the trigger on something. Probably, your first go-round won’t be the perfect bat. The above steps will get you closer to the right bat than we were when we bought our first performance bat years ago.

Happy Hitting!

Updated October 23, 2020

October 23, 2020

By Brian Duryea | @BatDigest

Share This | Tag us @batdigest
Bat Buying Basics | A First Timers Bat Guide

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