Updated: February 8, 2024

NCAA BBCOR Test Summary | A Lesson in Bat Marketing

We have long argued that bat companies could put to bed much of the argument in the industry around their bat’s exit velocity by simply releasing the data they get during BBCOR certification testing. BBCOR testing, performed at an independent bat lab at Washington State University, is a safety test that measures exit speed velocities along different parts of the barrel. Passing the BBCOR test gives them the certification to sell the bats with the BBCOR stamp.

Marucci CAT 7 Drop 8 Image 1

These test results are paid for by the bat companies submitting the bat and, as they own it, can release it to the public if they’d like. Yet none ever have.

Until now.

Rico Requests We Remove The Data

After we originally published the article, Rico Bats didn’t “agree with many of opinions in [our] article” and asked us to remove the data. As a journalist site on bats, we feel pretty confident that we did not need to do so. But, because we are friendly and generally like small bat companies, we did so.

We are still bewildered why they didn’t want the data published after agreeing to it. They did mention one sentence they disliked from the original article, claiming we had no experience knowing if this was true or false. Here is the sentence in its entirety:

“One concept not captured by the data above, but should very much be in the conversation when discussing BBCOR bat test results, is the length of the sweet spot. Most BBCOR bats, even the very cheap ones, get close to the .500 BBCOR mark at the 6 or 6.5 inch. The considerable question is, how does a company expand the .499 performance to the outer reaches of the barrel? That is the real trick of bat manufacturing.”

Although we did not imply their bat was poorly performed outside of the sweet spot, they disagreed with the sentiment. They specifically asked that their bat’s data outside of the sweet spot not be shown. They claimed we don’t know how many BBCOR bats, even cheap ones, are close to the .500 BBCOR mark at the six and 6.5-inch mark. We defended our knowledge of BBCOR test data, but they would still have none of it.

When the data was sent to us a week ago, there was no specific requirement for what was or was not to be said about the data. They did request that we remove a portion of the data they’d rather not the public see. We were willing to do so so our readers could finally get a sample of test data.

A few hours after the article was published, they requested we remove the data for reasons that were never made too clear to us, We tried to make the case to them that the piece was reasonable, honest and cast them in a favorable light. Sadly, they did not see it that way. They were looking for a marketing piece while we were offering some reporting on the BBCOR testing and holding them up as an example.

As we’ve known, marketing hype and independent bat reviews don’t mix well. We keep learning this lesson yearly as we slowly but surely dismantle the hype train of the bat world. And, at least for now, BBCOR test data will remain in the hands of the companies trying to convince you their bat is just as good or better than anything else. They also have the actual proof. But, for reasons we can only assume we aren’t willing to share it.

Below is the rest of our article, redacting references to the data.

See our Rico Bat Reviews

Understanding the BBCOR Test Results

BBCOR Test Results

The numbers on the far right of the image show 6 and 6.5 inches from the end cap, the RICO Energia rates a [removed]. This is [removed] BBCOR units away from the limit. (Note: .500 is illegal, and .499 is a passing grade). This means the [removed] of the maximum BBCOR standard at 6 and 6.5 inches from the end cap.

In terms of ball distance, roughly speaking, if a .499 BBCOR bat hit the ball 300 feet in the best of circumstances, then the [removed].


Regardless of those other numbers, major props to RICO for putting their data on the line, which is more than we can say for any other bat company.

Safety Test vs Performance Test

BBCOR Test Results

Do BBCOR Safety Tests Prove the Best Bat?

In short, we think the answer is no; BBCOR test summary data does not prove which bat is best. It is helpful to some extent and interesting for sure. But, far too many factors go into the best BBCOR bat than safety laboratory exit speeds.

Remember, too, that BBCOR testing is not a game performance test. Still, of exit velocity safety. Performance entails things like overall value, durability, and feel as well as actual barrel performance. Exit speed safety tests, however, control for a bat’s trampoline effect given certain conditions.

When it gets down to the nitty-gritty, differences in exit speed could be a compelling reason to go one way or the other. But, the real game speed changes in actual exit speed between performance bats are, at best, marginal. And comparing the minor differences in top-end BBCOR safety test results is an exercise in ridiculousness. Things like feel, durability, and material mean so much more to a hitter when changes in exit speed are nominal.

Length of Performance Matters: A LOT!

BBCOR Test Results

One concept not captured by the data above but should very much be in the conversation when discussing BBCOR bat test results is the length of the sweet spot. Most BBCOR bats, even the very cheap ones, get close to the .500 BBCOR mark at the 6 or 6.5 inch. The considerable question is, how does a company expand the .499 performance to the outer reaches of the barrel? That is the real trick of bat manufacturing.

How the BBCOR Test Works

BBCOR Test REsults

Exit speeds are recorded from 6 pitches from several parts of the barrel. The pitch, from a cannon, is traveling around 134mph. The bat is stationary. The speed of the ball after contact is measured and used to calculate the batted ball coefficient of restitution or BBCOR.

You can read way more than you ever wanted to know about the BBCOR test restrictions on the NCAA’s backroom site.

A couple of other things of note:

  • If an average of the 6 test spots rate out at .500 or higher then the bat is denied BBCOR certification.
  • Composite bats are rolled before the test; aluminum bats are not rolled.
  • [Redacted]
  • There are restrictions on the swing weight of bats. Based on their length, BBCOR bats can’t swing too light. (There is no restriction on USA and USSSA bat swing weights).
  • There are also restrictions on the actual weight of BBCOR bats. Drop 3 is the standard, and they can’t be lighter than that.

Why Doesn’t Everyone Release the Data?

Smaller companies will tell you that the big companies don’t release the data because they are marketing companies, not bat companies. Big companies will tell you they don’t release the data because BBCOR test results do not accurately indicate the best bat. They also don’t want consumers to get bogged down in the minutia of BBCOR bat testing. [Neither, apparently now, do small companies either. 😉 ] Instead, big companies expect the feel, durability, customer service, and size variety to be compelling reasons for you to consider their bat.

We would argue, to small and big companies alike, if your bat is good enough, then release the data. Let the consumers decide what information is useful for our own purposes. Of course, the point of marketing is to try to control the narrative, so we aren’t holding our breath waiting for others to release their BBCOR test summary data.

But, three cheers for RICO bats. Hopefully, they will start an industry trend.